You have been thinking about a trip to Machu Picchu and are ready to book the one day tour from Cusco that will take you to the Inca City, check these 10 things up to help you save time and money on your travel:
1. Machu Picchu Is A Must-Visit Wonder of the World
Thousands of history buffs and adventure travelers from all over the globe go every year to visit the archaeological site.
2. Book well ahead on Time – Just 1000 Visitors Per Day
Local authorities of Peru limited the daily entrances to Machu Picchu to one thousand per day. Entry tickets sell out early, especially during the Peruvian winter (May–September).
3. Avoiding Altitude Sickness
If you are traveling from Lima to Cusco, you will need at least one full day in Cusco to acclimate to its altitude.
Although Machu Picchu is lower than Cusco the Inca site has different heights and is plenty of stairs and paths that demand healthy physical conditions.
4. Avoiding Sunburn
Weather in Machu Picchu is generally mild and it is warmer than in Cusco. As Machu Picchu is nearer to the Jungle, rain is usual and temperatures vary from hot and humid at day and cold at night. Yearly lows temperatures reach 48F
Two main seasons could define the weather in Machu Picchu: dry season( April to October) with low probabilities of rain (and temperatures from 74F at day and 32F at night) and the rainy season (November to March) with high volumes of rain (and temperatures from 64 at day and 32F at night). Despite these, due to Machu Picchu, Subtropical geography sunny, cloudy, windy and rainy conditions are unpredictable.
Is advisable to protect your skin with a Sunscreen Lotion SPF 30 or higher although I recommend an at least SPF 70 for face and neck.
I couldn't resist to show you my photo in Machu Picchu
5. Wear Comfortable
- A light sweater wearing on and off due Machu Picchu temperature constant changing; the Citadel differs in altitudes ( paths, stairs, pendants, lawns, etc)
- A light jacket, or a traveler vest with pockets, to carry your phone, passport, etc.
- Sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun and the wind in Machu Picchu
- A hat that allows ventilation and protects your head, face, and neck of getting sunburned
Bring an extra pair of socks, a t-shirt, and a rain poncho, just for when rains fall in Machu Picchu while you there and you end wet (You will be happy to bring these with you). Remember a visit to Machu Picchu takes generally more than 13 hours.
6. Bring your passport with you
Keep your passport with you as you will need it for entering the site and for purchasing tickets; also you will want it to get stamped as proof of you visited Machu Picchu.
7. Just English? You will be fine!
In Machu Picchu and Cusco surroundings, you will find visitors from different nationalities and languages. Most services have personnel who speak English, and young locals also speak English and are very friendly especially with visitors.
8. All travelers must visit with a licensed guide.
For safety purposes, visitors to Machu Picchu must enter with a licensed guide and stay with him/her while the guided tour lasts.
9. What Not to Bring to Machu Picchu
Is prohibited bringing tripods, selfie sticks, or strollers into the Inca site.
10. There are no Bathrooms in Machu Picchu
Services are outside and cost s/.1.00 (Un Nuevo Sol).
If you have been already in Machu Picchu, what other things are good to know before traveling to Machu Picchu? ( that we did not cover in this post)
>>Are You Ready To Experience Machu Picchu? See Here What Is Waiting For You!
Share your thoughts!
Cultural & Urban
No many cities in the world have the charming of Lima, the called city of the kings shows its colonial heritage on every block at its historic center. Buildings, temples, and plazas with magnificent architecture, sculpture, fountains, and art from Colonial times. Visiting Lima historic center is a must to do.
The main square, known as Plaza de Armas at the heart of Lima historic, is encircled by streets Junin, La Unión, Huallaga, and Carabaya. It is known that Francisco Pizarro by himself designed Lima according to Spanish custom at the center and surrounded by most representative buildings like the Presidential Palace, the Cathedral and Archbishop Palace and the Municipal Palace.
In the northern quarter, the Presidential Palace, formerly known as Casa de Pizarro is a beautiful Neo-baroque of French inspiration construction built in 1535 and renovated in 1537. The Changing of the Guard that takes place every day at noon has become a tourist attraction, especially every third Sunday of the month with the participation of the mounted Hussars of Junin.
The Basilica Cathedral of Lima, one of the oldest buildings of Lima historic, is located on the eastern side of the Plaza de Armas. Built between 1535 and 1538 over the site of an Inca temple has among its walls, a religious art museum and the tomb of Francisco Pizarro, the Spaniard conqueror who founded Lima in 1535.
Two blocks north from the Cathedral, next to the Government Palace, and over the left margin of the River Rimac is “Desamparados”; the old railroad station opened at 1912 which currently operates as an administrative building; although, eventually serves freight and passengers going to the central mountain range. The train operates under the name of Ferrocarril Central Andino with a special schedule, just a few times a year.
The pedestrian street that connects Lima Main Square with Desamparados train station. Image credits: Millie Marino
The same building on Jr. Ancash is home to the House of The Peruvian Literature. The remodeled construction has a French academic style, standing over the old station structures. The three levels architecture of the building was the first project made by Peruvian architect Rafael Marquina in 1912. At House of Peruvian Literature, free events and activities are happening daily.
Across the street, on the corner of Jr. Ancash and Jr. Carabaya, the oldest bar of Lima, serves tourist and visitors with a varied menu that includes sandwiches and traditional drinks like pisco sour. The bar keeps most of its original furniture and decoration, counting among its visitors almost all Peruvian presidents, and important personalities like politicians, artist, writers, and singers. They started in business as a variety store owned by Vigilio Botano and the brothers Luis and Antonio Cordano. Later they change it into a bar restaurant. In 1978, the Cordano brothers yielded the business to their employees.
Back on Plaza de Armas, the Municipal Palace of Lima located on the street Portal de Escribanos (currently known as Jirón de la Union), lays at the western side (in front of the Cathedral). It is a public building operating as the headquarters of the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima. The municipal palace’s original building dates back to the beginning of the 17th century. Due to many earthquakes and fires that destroyed the original edification, it is rebuilt on its own place and inaugurated in 1944. The beauty of this building resides mainly on its facade adorned by large Neo-Colonial two-story wood balconies.
Visiting Lima historic center invites the traveler going back in time to the history of Peru Colonial experiencing its vast cultural richness and warm hospitality.
==>> Explore Lima Historic Center – 10 Best Lima Old Town Historic Tours>>
Wikipedia – Government Palace Lima, Peru
Unesco – Historic Centre of Lima
Ica is a Peruvian coastal city located 300 km south from Lima, and 4 hours driving south through the Pan American highway. Founded on 1563 by the Spaniard Geronimo de Cabrera, with the name Villa de Valverde. Its beautiful main square surrounded by colonial buildings and arches is the city's heart. Iqueños (native from Ica) welcome visitors with warm hospitality, after all they give what they have according to the motto that says: “Being Iqueño means be happy'
During the Colony Ica started producing wine and grape liquor that later would be exported to all Spain's Colonies in the American continent.
Popular tourist attractions of Ica are the Ballestas Islands, Paracas Natural Reserve and Nazca Lines. Cities like Chincha and Pisco belong to Department of Ica as well.
Ica is part of the Southern Peru Route, and on the way to Arequipa, Cusco, Puno and Puerto Maldonado.
Ica has around 250 different kind of accommodation for all budgets, since hostels to Five-star hotels and resorts like the popular Hotel las Dunas Ica.
What to Eat in Ica
Restaurants of traditional food serve dishes like: Picante de Pallares, Morusa., Picante de pallares, Chupe de pallares, Seco de ternero al vino, Chicharrones, Carapulcra, sopa de tortuga, chapanas, morusa.
Tejas are the traditional sweets from Ica. Tejas (confectionary) consist of pecans center and dulce de leche filling, covered with chocolate. Take the chance to visit the Factory of Tejas in Ica.
Things to do in Ica
The Ica Stones At Cabrera Museum
A centenarian building with the largest collection of andesite stones bearing diagrams that date back 99,000 years ago according to studies. The Cabrera Museum holds thousands of black stones of different sizes and weights depicting dinosaurs, figures and symbols.
Hiking in Ica
If staying in Ica a few days take the chance to hike the Saraja, a big dune in Ica that let you get a nice sightseeing of the city.
Vineyards & Pisco Distillery in Ica Peru. Image: Promperu
Ica Bodegas Wine & Pisco tasting
. Bodega Tacama . Bodega Vista Alegre (classified the biggest in Peru) . Bodega La Caravedo . Bodega Ocucaje . Viña Santiago Queirolo . Bodega Lovera . Bodega Artesanal El Catador . Bodega Artesanal Lazo (the oldest in Ica)
Ocucaje Desert The Biggest World's Fossil Cemetery
Ocucaje desert is the driest and hotter zone in Peru, and according to studies it concluded that, 30 millions of years, all that area was part of the seabed; a huge whales' cemetery with about 30,000 fossils. There is a peculiar fossil that attracts visitor's attention because it consists of a whale skull. No long time ago, the skull of a toothed bird was found in the desert, and it is easy to recognize countless fossil fish with large skulls and big mandibles. Fossil shark found there would have up to 15 to 18 m length in average.
The vast plain of the desert seems endless with no roads neither signs; safe guided visits are on charge of Ica tour companies or tour operators.
There is a canyon in Ocucaje desert. It is part of a river that, according to studies, ran across the valley 13 millions of years ago. That river was much more copious than the current Ica river. The excursion is full of ups, downs, more climbs and a few small standing water pools that are the rests of the old river. Ocucaje is an excellent place for those whom like to explore and learn; no boring despite being a desert.
Sandboarding Ica Peru. Image: MachuPicchuCoupons.Com
Sandboarding the Dunes
Cerro Blanco is the tallest dune in all American continent, located near to Ocucaje desert. The dune is the favorite place for sand boarding lovers.
Ica desert lays just 70 km from the shore, it is a place less known of Ica, and a great place for sand boarding. The Antana beach borders the dunes of the desert.
Going north there is Barlovento beach, from where is easy to reach Paracas Bay; the place where general San Martin landed, almost two centuries ago, during the expedition to free Peru from the Spaniards.
Huacachina is an oasis in the desert. A very unique place, since there is not another similar in all American continent. In the 1930's it was very popular and the time when first buildings arose . It is a little paradise for those seeking peace and nature. Nowadays shops, hotels, restaurants and cafes are all around the lagoon, and the town took care of architecture details that match the beauty of Huacachina's landscape.
One of the oldest buildings in Huacachina dates back 1920 is Hotel Mossone; a colonial mansion with beautiful decoration, patios, arches, 37 rooms 6 suites, bar, restaurant pool and amenities, just 10 minutes from Ica main square.
Most hotels in Huacachina have a pool. However, for who couldn't book hotels with pool, there are plenty of them that allow the use of their swimming pool for a fee.
Huacachina is really popular and a big attraction for travelers who like action and adventure. Sandboarding tours take you to the dunes in an exhilarating sand buggy ride. It is a lot of fun, especially for very active people who loves cool sports.
Notes: Youtube Video in Spanish: Reportaje al Peru Ica
Cultural & Urban
Peru – Fiestas Patrias
This July 28th, 2015 Peru is celebrating 194 years of Independence, and everybody there is enjoying the extended holiday weekend with parties in all Peru’s departments and regions. Peruvians around the world also celebrate bearing colors red and white and enjoying dishes of Peruvian gastronomy.
July 28th is Peru Independence Day – Image: machupicchucoupons.com
Traditionally celebrations start the night of July 27th and go through the 28th and 29th, which are the main days. Governmental representatives and local authorities attend official ceremonies in the capital and main cities.
In Lima, the Great Military Parade on July 29th is an outstanding attraction with the participation of regiments of Peruvian Army, Navy, Air Force and National Police marching on the streets of Avenida Brasil in Jesus María (a Lima district).
Balconies of the Archbishop's Palace in Lima
Events that became a tradition at Fiestas Patrias are the Gastronomic fair in Kennedy Park-Miraflores and the Peruvian Paso Horse Show in Hacienda Mamacona. Other popular events and concerts are held in Feria del Hogar (mega festival operating every July in Lima commemorating Fiestas Patrias), and Parque de las Leyendas (Zoo in San Miguel, district of Lima) as well.
Happy Independence Day Peru!
Things to do in Lima
A new surfer at the end of her lesson.
Undoubtedly Lima capital of Peru is a fascinating city due to the variety of things to do and closeness of places to visit. Knowing a few extra things of which enjoy in Lima while visiting, will be a plus for your experience in that part of the continent.
If you love the ocean and like surfing, it is possible to ride the waves of the Pacific when visiting Lima.
Costa Verde is the name of Lima's shore conformed by the coastline of neighborhoods like Chorrillos, Barranco, Miraflores, San Isidro and Madgalena. Waikiki, Makaja and Barranquito beaches are very popular among experienced surfers staying in Lima. Beginners can get professional guidance from surfing lessons offered along the shore. Others (like me) had a lot of excitement watching these intrepid learners make progress and start dominating the waves.
For those whom just want to relax and enjoy the view and sea breeze, this part of Lima gathers great restaurants specialized in fresh seafood dishes and cocktails made with exotic Peruvian fruits.
No matter your style and budget, in Lima there is always something fun and affordable to enjoy!
Alpaca is the millennial animal characterized by its long neck and fine fur that lives in the high Andean regions of Peru, 4,000 m above the sea level. Its breeding goes back to the days of the Incas, is appreciated since then, and currently considered one of Peru’s natural resources. It represents the main economic activity of Peruvian Andean farmers, and mostly the only source of income for their families. The cold weather of the Andes makes agriculture very difficult, so these communities depend on alpaca produce to survive.
Departments of Puno ( 55 % ), Cuzco (12 % ), Arequipa ( 10%) and Huancavelica ( 6%) hold together 85% of total production of alpaca in Peru; spread in agricultural units of 50 to 100 animals per herd approximately and run by small farmers. Peru has 3.6 million of alpacas and it represents more than 85% of existing in the world. (1)
Almost all Alpaca production of the world is made in Peru.
The quality of its fiber is determined by its thickness: A better quality thinner. Fine alpaca clothing is made of thin fiber. Alpaca fur is considered of the noble class like cashmere; although it is little thicker than cashmere, has better handling. With technological assistance, one animal can produce up to 6 different types of fine fur.
Peruvian Andean weaver. Image: Promperu
Trading alpaca products in local markets of Peru
A variety of fibers are used by weavers for supplying local and foreign markets. They weave fleece with unique designs for clothing and other products, using traditional techniques learned through their generations and taught since the Incas times.
Alpaca garments are highly appreciated in the fashion markets worldwide. Knowing it, merchants look for the best alpaca. Peruvian private sector of this industry is providing scientific training to breeders in the Andes of Puno- Peru. Fundo Pacomarca leads this pilot project with the presence of 5,952 alpacas. There the animals are subject to extensive quality controls to apply genetic feedback for improving their breed (not an experiment of DNA but a scientific and quantitative record of each animal’s history.
The goal is to determine the animal’s pedigree to inherit their offspring with same characteristics that improve product quality.
How to recognize 100% alpaca fiber?
Alpaca good quality woven should be uniform and of dense fiber, without the presence of gray hairs or bristles that can alter their softness to skin contact.
The finest Alpaca fiber is called Royal ( 19 microns) and comes from the animal's back.
Baby alpaca is the second in quality because is slightly thicker, followed by Superfine Alpaca.
Alpaca knitwear is available in exclusive shops malls and boutiques in Lima, Cusco, Puno, Arequipa, Huancavelica and other tourist destinations of Peru. It is good to keep in mind that products of pure alpaca’s fiber are not cheap, but could be found at better prices in Peru than in New York Paris, London u other capitals around the globe.
Acquiring a garment of Peruvian alpaca is buying a little piece of the Andean people's dreams.
Ref: PERU-Department of Agriculture – South American Camelids (1) (Spanish)/ Cuarto Poder Report by Matilde Soto: Alpaca fur, A Powerful Project (Spanish)
Kuelap Fortress arises at the edge of a cliff located in the region northwest of Peru 45.85 miles south of Chachapoyas city (capital of Amazonas), on top of a mountain semi-covered by vegetation, and 9842.52 ft above sea level.
Two hours and a half is the driving time from Chachapoyas to Kuelap. Through a narrowed road surrounded by hills, and covered with fields of arable farming. The Urubamba river (Lower Urubamba) runs through the valley showing its strength and vitality. Farmers exploit each piece of the land for agriculture; from the base to the summit all mountains are small farms. Those fields were once part of the jungle forests until the need of fertile soil for agriculture changed the landscape and probably it will continue changing while farmers of that region of Peru need to procure food for them and their families.
At a first sight is hard to answer why the Chachapoyas built Kuelap on the edge of a ravine on top of a mountain. The powerful walls around the city have an extension of 1916 ft length and constructed using huge blocks of caliza stone (some of them of 3 tons weight) The wall is in good condition despite the time; it reaches 66 ft height in its better-preserved sections and it is not straight but rather takes the way and irregularities of the ground. For that reason the two very tall and narrowed doors, located at the east, are hard to be seen at a simple view and they are the only ways to access normally to the building.
Kuelap faces east towards the sunrise. From its imposing heights the Chachapoyas could dominate the landscape, and certainly exercise good control over everything happening in the upper and lower Urubamba river valley lands. But how did they get water on the mountain where they buried their dead, and how did those huge walls serve to prevent their enemies from conquering them? The archeologists answered these questions after years studying mommies, ceramics, and objects found in Kuelap and in the Chachapoyas land.
The stunning main entrance of Kuelap was designed to welcome important visitors. Anyone who wanted to enter the city had to pass through it. But it was jealously guarded by armed warriors and people hidden at the top of its walls ready to throw a shower of stones to any unwelcome visitor. Those heavy walls could withstand the attack of a medium barrel of our days, and in most cases were sufficient to discourage any attack from the enemy.
However, in case the enemy succeeded enduring this first obstacle, they couldn’t reach further because, behind the door was a trap consisting of a 196.85 ft length by 9.84 ft wide walled alley ending in a very tight exit (for one person each time) that would expose them to be trapped and stoned by Kuelap’s defenders.
In the city interiors still remains the spiritual force of its former inhabitants. It does not seem to have passed 1200 years on these constructs. The circular houses of which still remain good parts of their foundation and walls, look some eaves and decorations very well-preserved.
It is easy to notice that the construction of these houses was made with attention to detail, taking care of their architecture’s elegance. The properties are located in overlapping terraces following the terrain. Some are larger than others but all maintain the same loop style. Public buildings differ from homes as many friezes and decorations, made primarily with slabs embedded in the walls; typical of the Chachapoyas. The cult of the snake, the water, and the mountains cougar is shown in the geometric figures that adorn the walls. The diamond-shape stones look like the eyes of a cat and zigzag lines remind the body of a snake. Archeologists drew a schematic plan of Kuelap to know the exact measurements and sizes of its walled enclosures, resulting of a 1969 ft elongated shape.
There is a third entrance to Kuelap located at the west wall facing a deep cliff with access to the river. The most important defensive positions were the two towers each one of 7m height built on each side of the city. the ceremonial building named Tintero is found in the popular section. The city has two areas remarkably different: down-town (common population) and up-town (priest and authorities). The wall-encircled complex occupy a total extension of 15 acres. Out of these limits and to the farthest horizons, were the abundant corn, potato, peanut and other crops, depending on the season and rain. Kuelap was inhabited by around four thousand people during its time of splendor. Likewise, archeologist believe that the city was built 900 AC probably being inhabited until 1470 AC, time when the Incas subdued the Chachapoyas.
Other facts that catch the attention in Kuelap is the absence of water. Archeologists haven’t found evidence of large reservoirs and aqueducts in the city. They believe that its inhabitants were strong people with a very solid physical structure. Women were in charge of this task, descending to the lower parts to bring water in jugs called porongos.
Kuelap was a thriving town in terms of textile, agriculture, and livestock. Its production was abundant on grains and tubers that community stored in silos and then consume or trade with other villages; or in other circumstances to meet the needs of their neighbors and allies. Therefore, they built those strong walls to protect their population, livestock and the abundant food they had. Especially from the attack of neighboring tribes like the Aguarunas and Wuanbizas, as well as of other cultures like Chimu and Cajamarca that tried to gain the control of the Amazon region in Peru.
The prosperity of the Chachapoyas in Kuelap was the reason that centuries later would make the Incas, to target them for attack sending their most well-trained warriors to capture the city of Kuelap. This conquest was led by the conqueror Inca Tupac Yupanqui. According to history, one characteristic of the Incas was to target other important cultures for conquest to add them to their empire. On that way, they could make the Tahuantinsuyo (Inca’s Empire) more powerful and extensive.
The giant wall surrounding Kuelap served also as a cemetery. Along the perimeter of the wall have been uncovered over 100 mass graves. Some very old which were sealed at the time of construction and other concealed among the rocks that were used during the years of operation of the city. The exterior wall is actually a giant cemetery. At this level, archeologists have found evidence that the Chachapoyas, besides warriors were excellent surgeons specializing on skull's trepanation.
In ancient Peru, death was a central theme in the life and history of the people. They believed in the continuity of existence, and that life beyond death was much more important than life on earth. For them, death was when men become part of a strong spiritual chain that linked the living to the land and their ancestors. A people without ancestors simply did not exist because there was nothing that attached them to their land. For that reason, they considered important preserve dead bodies; since it was the testimony and history of their passage through this world.
The Chachapoyas had a special dedication to preserving the bodies of their chiefs and most notable leaders. To honor them, they built tombs in the most remote and inaccessible places. Cliffs and bluffs were their favorite places for these graves. It is still difficult to understand how did they reach those dangerous places where there was no path neither vegetation where to cling while bringing their mummies and material for burial. Re: The Chachapoyas Kingdom by Alejandro Guerrero/ video in Spanish/ Kuelap Wikipedia.
Cultural & Urban
Get the best deals to visit Peru
February 14th as a tourist in Lima take the chance to celebrate Valentine's Day as Limeños do going to the most traditional and romantic places in the Peruvian capital's neighborhoods. Valentine's Day is known as the “Day of Love and friendship” in Peru. Couples exchange greeting cards, teddy bears, chocolates, flowers and gifts related to the occasion. Peruvian orchids are highly appreciate specially this day, because of their beauty and symbolic meaning.
The Bridge of Sights in Barranco Lima-Peru. Image Wikimedia
One lovers' favorite place to visit on Valentine's Day, is The Bridge of the Sights in Barranco. The Bridge of Sights was built on 1876 and inaugurated on February 14th , under Enrique García Monterroso the first Barranco's Mayor administration. Its construction was a critical need to join the ends of the creek and allow the passage to banks of Ayacucho Street and La Ermita. The bridge endured the Pacific War and saw Barranco's invasion by Chilean troops on January 14th, 1881 when they burned the city destroying part of the Temple of the Shrine and Bridge. It was rebuilt and repaired several times. The bridge at the picturesque Barranquino's corner is naming after countless love stories and represents a place for romance for locals and foreign. In 1921 Mayor Enrique de las Casas ordered a full reparation of the bridge, renaming it as now known. After Lima's earthquake in 1940, the bridge was cutting 31 meter due to heavy damage. The tradition says that whoever crosses the bridge without breathing will fulfill a wish when asking for. The bridge inspired the Peruvian composer Chabuca Granda to write the song with the bridge name on 1960.
Sculpture The Kiss (El Beso) at the Love Park in Miraflores Lima. Image Wikimedia
Other iconic place is The Love Park at Malecón Cisneros in Miraflores inaugurated on February 14th 1993 with an impressive sculpture of 39.3 ft x 8.9 ft named The Kiss at its main platform. Made by Peruvian sculptor Victor Delfín the sculpture depicts a couple in love kissing. On Valentine's Day the park is highly visited, specially by newly married couples. The City Hall holds a contest of the longest kiss among participating couples. The love Park style is supposedly inspired by Antoni Gaudí's Parc Gëll in Barcelona-Spain.
Olive Trees at Oliver Grove Park in San Isidro Lima.
Image source: lifethroughmy4eyes.wordpressdotcom
The Oliver Grove Park in San Isidro is a green area of 53.83 Acres, with more than 1500 Olive trees, a water fountain and a small lake. Surrounded by beautiful buildings, the Town Library, hotels and a few exclusive restaurants. It is one of the most representative places of San Isidro. At its beginnings, it belonged to the Count of San Isidro, but now it serves as a recreational space for friends, families and just married couples who go to the park to enjoy a quiet time after their wedding.
The area is very safe for tourists and declared a National Monument on Dec 1959 by the former National Institute of Culture (INC) due to the unique development of its forest allowing olive trees subsist despite the time.
Cultural & Urban
Travel Coupons & Codes
For the adventurous traveler visiting Lima for the first time, gathering information on public transportation could be useful and an interesting way to approach a city with a population of 8.5 million (about 26.6% of the total population of Peru).
Massive transportation systems in Lima are Metropolitano and Lima Metro Train or Tren Eléctrico both services now cover just a few areas of the city. Other means of public transportation are Combis (small buses), buses (all buses are privately owned and compete for routes creating congestion on the streets) and taxis (we urge the use of company taxis which you call by phone). On the streets is easy to find licensed or unlicensed taxis but is better to not take the risk of an unforeseen. Nevertheless, it's good to mention that licensed taxis show their plates numbers printed on both sides of their units. Every day 1.6 million of vehicles run on the streets of Lima which makes driving difficult and risky for a visitor .
Lima has 43 districts, but just 30 of them are part of the urban area. Districts that offer major attractions for tourism are Lima downtown (known as Cercado de Lima or Lima Historical) includes the Barrio Chino or China Town; others districts like Miraflores, San Isidro, Barranco, Santiago de Surco, Pueblo Libre, San Borja, Cieneguilla and Pachacamac are as well part of the touristic circuit.
El Metropolitano is an integrated public transportation system of rapid buses connecting the south with the north portions of the Peruvian Capital. Photo: El Comercio
The Metropolitano ( integrated public transportation system of rapid transit and large capacity vehicles running through exclusive paths with vehicular natural gas) has suitable stations for tourist run along Paseo de La Republica or Express way connecting Miraflores (Avenida 28 de Julio, Ave Benavides, Ricardo Palma Ave, Angamos Ave and Domingo Orue), San Isidro (Aramburu Ave, Canaval y Moreyra Ave, Javier Prado Ave, Canada Ave), and Lima Centro Historico ( Colmena and Jr. de la Union). The Station Estadio Nacional is close to Parque De La Reserva. Mayor areas for tourism purposes are between near to these stations within reasonable walking distance (less than 1 mile). Metropolitano‘s smart cards are available at vending machines at every station; the cost of each rechargeable card is S/4.50 (Peruvian coin Nuevo Sol about US$1.63), vending machines accept minimum S/.5.00 plus the amount for each ride. The Metropolitano operates from 5:20 am to 11pm.
The Lima Metro Train is a railway system connecting the south with the center of the Greater Lima. Photo: Cesar Miranda-Wikipedia
By its way El Tren Electrico or Lima Metro Train is a metropolitan railway linking the Villa Maria del Triunfo station at the south part of Lima with Plaza Miguel Grau.
The routes of Peru birdwatching are real treasures for those passionate to birding. Three routes have been developed for this purpose, and they offer the opportunity to track a list of many hundred of birds that include endemic species just seen in the Peruvian territory.
The birding routes extend on coast, mountain and forest of Peru
This fact makes possible to experience diverse zones of life with changes on altitudes and climates, showing consequently, the variation in bird species.
What Peru has to offer to birdwatchers
- Peru has 1,830 different bird species (According to the list of SACC/CRAP
- It is second in the group of mega-diverse countries in the world
- It has 84 of 117 zones of life (according to Holdrige classification)
- It has the largest number of endemic species in the planet
- The Condor the largest flying bird, and the Short-tailed Hummingbird -Myrmiamicrura, the second smallest bird, both are found in Peru.
- Peru holds the record of 331 species seeing in one day spotted along the Biological Station of Cocha Cashu, in Manu National Park. Ted A. Parker and Scott Robinson didn't have access to firm ground neither to use motorized vehicles in 1982 when they set this record.
Peru Birding-North Route:
Chiclayo Chaparri, Jaen, Chachapoyas Kuelap, Abra Patricia, Tingana, National Reserve Pacaya Samiria, and Natural Reserve Alpamayo Mishana.
Peru Birding-Central Route:
Departing from Lima to 1. Callao Sea, Pantanos de Villa, Natural Reserve Lomas de Lachay, Paraiso Huacho 2. Anchash Huascaran Park. 3.Santa Eulalia, Ticlio, Junin Lake. 4. Huanuco Unchog Forest, Carpish Tunnel, Pati Trail. 5. Tingo Maria Cueva de las Lechuzas, Cerro de Pasco National Park Yanachaga Chemillen, Satipo Junin, Satipo Road and Apalla.
Peru Birding-South Route:
Departing from Lima Capital to Puerto Viejo Wetlands, Lunahuana, Paracas Natural Reserve Ballestas and Sangayan Islands, Nazca, San Fernando Bay, Arequipa-Lakes of Mejia, Salinas and Aguada Blanca National Reservation, Puno-Titicaca Lake, Cusco Huacarpay Lake, Abra Malaga, Machu Picchu, Kosnipata Valley Rainforest Manu Road, and Puerto Maldonado.
Birdwatching & Trekking Tour in Manu Rainforest -Peru
Learn How to Build An Aviary